This week in our stats series Did You Know? where we present well known and lesser-known facts on a theme, we look at records and trivia related to hat-tricks in international cricket
107 Number of hat-tricks in men's international cricket, 45 in Tests, 49 in ODIs and 13 in T20Is. Fred Spofforth was the first to take a hat-trick in Tests, in 1879, Jalal-ud-Din in ODIs, in 1982, and Brett Lee in T20Is, in 2007. In women's internationals, there have been 31 hat-tricks - three in Tests, 11 in ODIs and 17 in T20Is.
7 Bowlers to have taken a hat-trick on debut in men's international cricket - three in Tests and four in ODIs. Maurice Allom (in 1930), Peter Petherick (1976) and Damien Fleming (1994) have achieved this feat on Test debut. Incidentally, Petherick and Fleming got their hat-tricks on the same day, 18 years apart, on October 9. In ODIs, Taijul Islam (2014), Kagiso Rabada (2015), Wanindu Hasaranga (2017) and Shehan Madushanka (2018) achieved the feat on their debuts.
5 Hat-tricks by Lasith Malinga in international matches, the most by a bowler. He has three in ODIs, the most by a bowler, and two in T20Is, the only bowler to do so. Two of those hat-tricks were part of four wickets in four balls: against South Africa in the 2007 50-over World Cup and against New Zealand in a T20I in 2019. Rashid Khan is the only other bowler to have taken four wickets in four balls in international cricket (in a T20I against Ireland in 2019). Wasim Akram is the only bowler, apart from Malinga, to take more than two hat-tricks. He has four in international matches - two each in Tests and ODIs. Akram's two Test hat-tricks came in a span of nine days, in the Asian Test Championship in 1999. Mohammad Sami is the only other bowler with hat-tricks in both Tests and ODIs. Apart from Malinga, Lee and Thisara Perera are the others to take hat-tricks in both ODIs and T20Is.
1 Bangladesh's Sohag Gazi is the only player to score a century and take a hat-trick in the same Test. He achieved this feat against New Zealand in Chattogram in 2013. Peter Siddle is the only bowler to take a hat-trick on his birthday, which fell on the first day of the 2010-11 Ashes in Brisbane. Chaminda Vaas remains the only bowler to take a hat-trick from the first three balls of a match, against Bangladesh in the 2003 World Cup; the one other instance of a hat-trick in the first over of a Test was achieved by Irfan Pathan, against Pakistan in 2006.
3 Number of overs that Merv Hughes' hat-trick against West Indies in Perth in 1988 was spread over. In the first innings, he dismissed Curtly Ambrose from the final delivery of his 36th over, and then got Patrick Patterson off the first ball of his 37th over, which ended West Indies' innings. He then struck off his first ball in the second innings to get Gordon Greenidge, to complete a unique hat-trick that spanned across three overs. Courtney Walsh and Geoff Lawson are the only others to take a hat-trick spanning two innings.
2 Only once has a bowler taken two hat-tricks in an international match: Australia's Jimmy Matthews versus South Africa at Old Trafford in 1912. He picked up hat-tricks in both innings of the match, on the same day, and completed both feats dismissing the same batsman, Tommy Ward. These six wickets in the two hat-tricks were his only wickets in the match and he took a total of 16 wickets in his career. Likewise, Bangladesh's Alok Kapali had only six wickets in his career, of which the last three were part of a hat-trick.
12,550 The aggregate Test runs of Stuart Broad's hat-trick victims at Headingley in 2014, the highest for a bowler in a hat-trick. His victims were Kumar Sangakkara, Dinesh Chandimal and Shaminda Eranga. Of the three, Sangakkara accounted for 11,493 runs, also making him the only batsman with 10,000-plus runs who was a hat-trick victim. The only other instance of the hat-trick victims aggregating 10,000-plus runs was when Glenn McGrath dismissed Sherwin Campbell, Brian Lara and Jimmy Adams - they had a combined aggregate of 11,452 runs - in Perth in 2000. They were also the top three run-getters in that XI for West Indies.
3 In 2019, India's bowlers took a hat-trick in each of the three international formats - Jasprit Bumrah in Tests, Mohammed Shami and Kuldeep Yadav in ODIs and Deepak Chahar in T20Is. It is the only such instance for a team. Before 2019, India's bowlers had taken only five hat-tricks: Harbhajan Singh (2001) and Pathan (2006) in Tests and Chetan Sharma (1987), Kapil Dev (1991) and Kuldeep (2017) in ODIs.
237 Saleem Malik's score at which he became Damien Fleming's third wicket in his hat-trick in 1994, which is the highest score for a batsman completing a bowler's hat-trick. The highest score for a batsman who was the first wicket of a bowler's hat-trick is Javed Miandad's 163 in Petherick's haul in 1976. Malik's 237 is, in fact, the highest score by a batsman involved in a hat-trick.
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