Clubs in the Bundesliga remembered those persecuted and murdered by the Nazi regime because of their sexual and gender identity this weekend by donning commemorative rainbow jerseys and armbands.
The Holocaust Memorial week has been commemorated in German football since 2004 and a different theme is picked each year.
Supported by the German Football League (DFL), the goal is to contribute to a living culture of remembrance and to stand up for a respectful and considerate society.
"In 2021, the focus of the 17th day of commemoration was on those people stigmatised, brutally persecuted and murdered because of their sexual and gender identity during Nazi rule," the league said in a statement on their website.
"Wherever you are, raise your voice when people are abused because of their sexual or gender identity and be prepared to come to their support," the DFL posted on Twitter on Jan. 27.
Several Bundesliga club such as Hertha Berlin -- who attended the ceremonial with a member of their queer fanclub Hertha Junxx -- and VfB Stuttgart whose CEO Thomas Hitzlsperger is one of the few openly gay figures in professional German football paid tribute to those murdered by the Nazi regime by wreath-laying ceremonies at World War II memorials.
German football has been actively advocating for the remembrance of the crimes against humanity committed by Germans during the fascist regime from 1933 through to 1945.
In 2020, Borussia Dortmund became the first German football club to adopt the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance's working definition of anti-Semitism. During the remembrance week, Schalke 04 and Bayern Munich followed suit.
Dortmund's effort to combat anti-Semitism, racism and right-wing extremism -- which have included making a €1 million donation to the Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial and frequent visits to the concentration camps by the club's members -- has been called "leading in the world" by the United Kingdom's anti-Semitism Commissioner Lord John Mann.
"What I like about Dortmund's approach is that it's an honest approach. And not just PR even though publicity is important," Mann said.